Phonemic awareness is defined as the ability to hear, recognize, and manipulate individual sounds within words. These sounds are known as phonemes. Hence, the term "phonemic awareness."
If you notice, that definition is based upon hearing sounds and words. It has nothing to do with print or associating those sounds with letters. In fact, that is where phonics comes in. See how this works?
Phonological awareness revers to the ability to hear and manipulate sounds. It may refer to phonemes (as in phonemic awareness), syllables, words, and sentences. If this is confusing to you, Dyslexia Help provides an example of what phonological awareness looks like at each level: phoneme, syllable, word, and sentence. As you can tell when working with phonological awareness skills, activities are not restricted to sounds (phonemes) only, which is what distinguishes it from phonemic awareness.
Again, don't miss that our skill here is auditory; it's focused on hearing. Phonological awareness has nothing to do with print or associating those sounds with letters.
I'm also sharing a few images below that may be helpful. I've linked them to the original sources, which are full of valuable information as well! I've tried to be thorough, but honestly, sometimes you just need to see it in a more visually-concise form. So here we go! Check out the images below, and click back to their original pages to gain a wealth of additional resources and information about phonemic awareness and phonological awareness.
|You can download this file here!|
|Presentation: West Virginia Phonological Awareness Project|
|Phonological Awareness: Instructional & Assessment Guidelines|